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Main » 2011 » July » 20 » Background of Srimad Bhagavad Gita.......
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Background of Srimad Bhagavad Gita.......
The date of composition of the text of the Bhagavad Gita is not known with certainty,
but is widely accepted as 5000 years ago: during Mahabharata times.

Showing great compassion for all living entities Shri Krishna’s lila avatar and literary
incarnation Krishna Dvaipayana Vedavyasa composed the authentic historical treatise
known throughout creation as the Mahabharata. The eighteen chapters of the
Bhagavad-Gita are found in the Bhisma-parva, chapters 25 to 42 of the Mahabharata
and they are the exact words that Shri Krishna spoke in Sanskrit on the battlefield of
Kurukshetra , India over five thousand years ago in 3137 B.C. The proof that the
Mahabharata is definitely an authentic historical treatise and not allegorical or
mythological is verified in the Srimad Bhagavatam, Canto 1, chapter 4, verse 25 as
follows.

stri-sudra-dvijabandhunam trayi na
sruti-gocara
karma-sreyasi mudhanam sreya
evam bhaved iha
iti bharatan akhyanam krpaya
munina krtam

Out of compassion the great sage Vedavyasa thought it wise that all mankind achieve the ultimate goal of life. Thus he compiled the historical treatise known as the Mahabharata for the women, laborers and friends of the brahmanas.

treta-yugadau ca tato vivasvan manave dadau
manus ca loka-bhrty-artham sutayeksvakave dadau
iksvakuna ca kathito vyapya lokam avasthitah

In the beginning of Treta yuga the supreme science of Bhagavad-Gita was delivered by
the sun-god Vivasvan to Vaivasvata Manu the father of mankind who gave it to his son
King Iksvaku the ruler of the planet Earth.

Lord Krishna Himself also confirms this exact same disciplic succession in the
transferal of the supreme science in the Bhagavad-Gita, chapter 4, verse 1:

sri bhagavan uvaca
iman vivasvate yogam proktavam aham avyayam
vivasvan manave praha manur iksvakave'bravit

The Supreme Lord Krishna said: I instructed this supreme imperishable science unto the
sun-god Vivasvan and he instructed it unto Vaivasvata Manu the father of mankind who
instructed it to his son King Iksvaku, ruler of all the Earth.

King Iksvaku was the sovereign ruler of Earth at the time he received the supreme
science of the Bhagavad-Gita. He was the progenitor of the solar Raghu dynasty in
which the Lord Krishna's avatar as Rama appeared in Ayodhya also in Treta yuga. If we
calculate we know that the present age we are in is Kali yuga in which 5000 years have
transpired. Before this was Dvapara yuga which had 800,000 years and before this was
Treta-yuga which began 1,200,000 before Dvapara-yuga. So from this Vedic information
it can be determined that King Iksvaku received the Bhagavad-Gita in this world at the
very least 2 million years ago.

Going even further, the lifespan of Vaivasvatu Manu who is the current and seventh
Manu in this kalpa is calculated in the Vedic scriptures as being 308,571,428 solar years
of which 120,400,000 have transpired. Since the Bhagavad-Gita was given to the sun-
god Visvasvan before the current Vaisvasvatu Manu was born then it can be understood
that the Bhagavad-Gita was spoken to him at least 120 million 400 thousands years
ago.

Going even more further than this we know that one kalpa is calculated in Vedic
scriptures as being 4 billion 300 million years. There are 14 Manus is this time period of
a kalpa of which our current Vaivasvatu is the seventh Manu. So there were six
previous Manus before him and they also received the supreme eternal science known
as Bhagavad-Gita. So if we multiply 6 times 308,571,428 which is the time of existence
for one Manu we arrive at the time span of 1,851,428,568 solar years and if we add the
120,400,000 years from our current Vaisvasvatu the seventh Manu. It can be determined
the Bhagavad-Gita was also spoken 1 billion, 971 million, 828 thousand 568 years ago.

The supreme science of the Bhagavad-Gita is unable to be understood by unevolved
beings of impure consciousness. This supreme science of the Bhagavad-Gita is
periodically given by the Supreme Lord Krishna or His scriptually revealed incarnations
or by his authorised representatives through the auspices of disciplic succession in
one of the four bonafide sampradayas being the Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya, the Sri
Vaisnava Sampradaya, the Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya and the Kumara Vaisnava
Sampradaya. Having manifested at the beginning of each cyclic creation it eternally
manifests again and again with the birth of every Brahma.
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